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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point times new roman font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Guidelines For Authors

The coediitors welcome submissions sent directly to

The submissions then will be registered and the review process begun. 

Please do not submit manuscripts using the online system of uploading documents to the journal website, which we have found is vulnerable to hackers. For submitted documents the following procedures should be undertaken:

  1. The authors of the document should delete their names from the text, with ˜Author' and year used at the top of the list of references and in all relevant endnotes, instead of the author's name, article title, etc.
  2. With Microsoft Office documents, author identification should also be removed from the properties for the file (see under File in Word), by clicking on the following, beginning with File on the main menu of the Microsoft application: File > Save As > Tools (or Options with a Mac) > Security > Remove personal information from file properties on save > Save.
  3. Do not send PDFs.

We stress that we welcome direct email submissions to us at - after which we will handle registration for you as contributor, reader, etc.

General style

All manuscripts should be in English, Times New Roman, 12 point font, double line spaced and submitted in MS Word or a compatible software file. To enable indexing, five keywords should be provided on the online submission form and an abstract should also be appended. On the first page add full contact details for each named author.

The abstract should be about 150 words. Please take care to craft a title and an abstract that are direct and ˜reader-friendly™. Titles should be short, and abstracts should be informative for non-specialists.

Please follow these guidelines:

  • Align all text ˜left™
  • UK or US spelling consistently throughout article but retain American spelling in American quotes and proper names (e.g. Pearl Harbor); retain UK spelling in UK quotes and proper names.
  • single spacing after all punctuation used throughout the text
    • initials should be spaced: A. J. Smith not A.J. Smith (NB, i.e. and e.g.)
    • use a space after the point in the following contractions in the bibliography: ed., p., pp., ch., vol., etc.
  • indent new paragraph, don't use line spaces between paragraphs, do not indent continuing paragraphs after an extract.
  • leave two lines before a subheading and one line after it;
  • if the article has more than one level of subheading, please differentiate between them, e.g. use bold, then bold plus italic, then capitals.
  • quotations: extract quotation over four lines, indent with space above and below, no quote marks; should not start or end in ellipses (…)
  • single quote marks for quotations integrated within the text, double quote marks for quotes within quotes.
  • Italics used on all titles of published works within the text and notes
  • page numbers are elided: 4-7, 8-13 16-18 (not 16-8), 20-7, 34-76, 104-6, 136-42
  • dates are written in full: 31 January 1988; spell out twentieth century (NB hyphenate when adjectival “ e.g.˜in the twentieth century™ but ˜twentieth-century television™; use 1990s, not nineties or˜90s).
  • years are elided to two digits: 1974-89, 1994-97, 1993-2003.
  • Note the presentation of ibid., which references the title previously mentioned. For example (ibid., 39). Do not use idem, loc, cit. or op.cit.

Harvard style is preferred but not required. If you use footnotes, render all references in footnotes. Do not use a mix of in-text citations and footnotes. For footnoted submissions no bibliography is needed. For questions, consult the Chicago Manual of Style.

If you use Harvard style:

  • The whole citation should follow be enclosed within parentheses (author surname, year) if not a natural part of the surrounding sentence; the year should be enclosed within parentheses if the names do form a natural part of the surrounding sentence.

For example: (Jones, 1993: 67). Do NOT use (p.36).

  • Citations of works by two authors should have ˜and™ (not an ampersand) between the names. Citations of works by three or more authors should have the first author followed by et al in italics with no trailing stop.
  • Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be identified with a, b, c (e.g. 2008a, 2008b) closed up to the year.
  • Personal communications should be listed as such where they are cited in the text, and not listed in the references.

This is in results attained later (Kramer, 1984). Results have been reported (Don Graham, 1989, personal communication).

  • Articles not yet published should show ˜forthcoming™ in place of the year (in both the reference and the citation). ˜In press™ should be used in place of the volume, issue and page range details.

Sharp Parker, A.M. (forthcoming) Cyberterrorism: An examination of the preparedness of the North Carolina local law enforcement. Security Journal, in press.

List of References

  • References are placed in alphabetical order of authors.
  • Single space all references
  • Please spell out forenames

Examples of correct forms of references for alphabetical style:


Slovic, Paul (2000) The Perception of Risk. London: Earthscan Publications.

Edited volume

Nye Jr, Joseph.S., Zelikow, Philip.D. and King Donald.C. (eds.) (1997) Why People Don't Trust Government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Chapter in book

Flora, Peter. and Alber, J. (1981) Modernization, democratization, and the development of the welfare state. In: P. Flora and Arnold .J. Heidenheimer (eds.) The Development of Welfare States in Europe and America. New Brunswick and London: Transaction Books: 17-34.

Article in journal

Thompson, Kenneth., Griffith, Ezra. and Leaf, Philip. (1990) A historical review of the Madison model of community care. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 41(6): 21-35.

Article in newspaper

Webster, Ben.(2008) Record bonus for Network Rail chief, despite Christmas chaos. The Times, 6 June: 1.

Newspaper or magazine article (without a named author)

Economist (2005) The mountain man and the surgeon. 24 December: 24–26.

Article online

Gardener, Tim. and Moffatt, John. (2007) Changing behaviours in defence acquisition: a game theory approach. Journal of the Operational Research Society, advance online publication 28 November, doi: 10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602476.

Other online resource

Green Party. (2005) Greens call for attack on asylum ‘push factors’. Green Party report, 4 March,, accessed 9 March 2005.

Conference proceedings

Sapin, Andrew. (ed.) (1985) Health and the Environment. Proceedings of the Conference on Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals; 30–31 March 1984, Chicago, IL. Chicago: American Toxological Association.

Conference paper

Harley, Nathan H. (1981) Radon risk models. In: A.R. Knight and B. Harrad, (eds.) Indoor Air and Human Health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 29–31 October, Knoxville, TN. Amsterdam: Elsevier: 69–78.

Papers/talks presented at a conference but not published

Martin, Samuel (2003) An exploration of factors which have an impact on the vocal performance and vocal effectiveness of newly qualified teachers and lecturers. Paper presented at the Pan European Voice Conference; 31 August, Graz, Austria.


Young, Wilson.R. (1981) Effects of different tree species on soil properties in central New York. MSc thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Research papers/reports/working papers

Bloom., George. et al (2005) Poverty Reduction During Democratic Transition: The Malawi Social Action Fund 1996-2001. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. IDS Research Report no. 56.


Use the format: Title/Original Title (if applicable), (country of production, director [if applicable]), channel (if applicable), broadcast date(s) [if applicable], format used to access content [if applicable].

Pulp Fiction (US, Quentin Tarantino, 1994), VHS.

Lost: Pilot Episode (US, J.J. Abrams), ABC, 2004-2010, DVD.

The Kingdom/Riget (Denmark, Lars von Trier, 1994), DVD.


Bond, Samuel. A., Hwang, S., Lin, Z. and Vandell, K. (2005) Marketing Period Risk in a Portfolio Context: Theory and Empirical Estimates from the UK Commercial Real Estate Market. Cambridge, UK: Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge (mimeo).


Blair, Anthony (2003) Britain in the World. Speech to FCO Leadership Conference. London, 7 January

References to Freud's work

References to Freud's work should be to the English translation of the Standard Edition of the Complete Works and be given in the following format:

Freud, S. (1909, 1955) Analysis of a phobia in a five-year old boy. Standard Edition 10. London: Hogarth Press: 3149.

The earlier date is the date of original publication, which is the date that should be cited in the text; the latter date is the SE date of publication.


This section contains short think-pieces and/or articles designed to provoke debate and discussion.

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