Journal Title: Free Associations: Psychoanalysis and Culture, Media, Groups Politics

Number 61, May 2011

ISSN: 2047-0622







Abstract: Robert M Young, Editor Emeritus and Publisher of Free Associations, provides an overview of the emergence and history of the journal in its earlier print and online formats. The article includes an invaluable listing of contents of all issues of the journal published between 1984 and 2004 and also includes listings of papers published online on the Human Nature website.


FREE ASSOCIATIONS began publication in 1984. Its Pilot Issue was a special number of the Radical Science Journal, which was, in turn, late-blooming expression of the efflorescence of radical periodicals that were founded as part of the critique of institutions and ways of thinking in reaction to the Vietnam War. Here is a list that comes to mind:

Capital & Class - economics

Antipode - geography

Science for People - radical science magazine (UK)

Science for the People (US) ditto

Telos - philosophy

Radical Philosophy

Radical America

Radical History Journal

Radical History Review

History Workshop Journal

Radical Science Journal (became Science as Culture)

New Left Review

Spare Rib - feminist magazine

Feminist Review

New Left Review

They had certain common features. The tended to be edited by a group that worked together as a study group and shared roughly common politics. They were, on the whole, seeking to be free from the hegemony and agendas of academic journals and the associated careerism. They were usually fairly ultra-left, though not affiliated with any political group or party. Many availed themselves of newly developed technologies that made it possible to typeset and edit and produce the periodicals independent of commercial publishers. This became even easier with the arrival of personal computers, Microsoft Word and other software. Their common goal was to mount critiques of the orthodoxies in their fields in the hope of making contributions to a better world. Rudi Dutschke, a leader of the German Student Movement of the 1960s who had a profound influence on me referred to this way of thinking as ‘the long march through the institutions’. I’m prompted to ask ‘What happened to all that hope?’

The first issue of Free Associations came out the same year as the pilot issue with the subtitle: Psychoanalysis, Groups, Politics, Culture that has remained but has been revised for the new on-line incarnation: Psychoanalysis and Culture, Media, Politics, Groups. Psychoanalysis has been the connecting thread. The original editorial board grew mostly from a psychoanalysis study group in the Radical Science Collective: Karl Figlio (who was a magnificent Managing Editor for a long spell), Paul Hoggett, Joel Kovel (in New York), Les Levidow, Barry Richards (who succeeded Karl as a sterling Managing Editor), Tony Solomonides, Margot Waddell and me. I’d had the idea. It was not enthusiastically received, but support for it grew. I have been Editor throughout the series of print editions till 2004 and of a sporadic online version, until I handed over to Caro Bainbridge who has set up a well organised online continuation of the journal, co-edited by Candida Yates with an editorial board that has a lot of overlap with the one for the last printed issue. Paul Gordon and Em Farrell have also served terms of varying lengths as Managing Editor and, like their predecessors, have carried most of the burden of making the journal succeed.

I want to mention two other things that provided context and support for the journal. The first was a series of conferences inspired by Barry Richards and Karl Figlio under the patronage of Michael Rustin at North East London Polytechnic, renamed University of East London, entitled ‘Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere’. The conferences occurred annually from 1987 until 1998 and were initially very well attended by, among others, constituents of the journal, and papers presented there often found their way into its pages. Support for these conferences gradually waned until they were discontinued.

The second factor was Free Association Books, founded by Les Levidow and me. It was created to disseminate radical writings in psychoanalysis, cultural studies and critical science and technology. Until it was taken over by our fellow shareholders, FAB published several hundred volumes in these areas, some of them quite distinguished and many translated into several languages. For example, A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought by R. D. Hinshelwood has appeared in nine languages.

Finally, I want to name some writings that were inspirational for me and that strike me as exemplifying the best of the radical spirit in psychoanalysis and in critiques of orthodoxy in the human sciences and their institutions:

Peter Barham (1993) Schizophrenia and Human Value, London: Free Association Books.

Mary Barnes and Joseph Berke (1973) Mary Barnes: Two Accounts of a Journey through Madness, London: Penguin Books.

Daniel Dorman, (2003) Dante’s Cure: A Journey out of Madness, New York: Other Press.

Joanne Greenberg (1964) I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Donna Haraway (1989) Primate Visions: Gender, Race & Nature in the World of Modern Science, London: Routledge.

Russell Jacoby (1977) Social Amnesia: A Critique of Conformist Psychology from Adler to Laing, New York: Harvester Press.

Stuart A. Kirk and Herb Kutchin (1992) The Selling of DSM: The Rhetoric of Science in Psychiatry, New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Douglas Kirsner, Unfree Associations: Inside Psychoanalytic Institutes

Joel Kovel (1970) White Racism: A Psychohistory, New York: Pantheon Books and (1988) The Radical Spirit: Essays on Psychoanalysis and Society, London: Free Association Books.

R. D. Laing (1960) The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness< Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Christopher Lasch (1979) The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations, New York: W W Norton.

Herbert Marcuse (1974) Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud, New York: Beacon Press.

Wilhelm Reich (1933/1946) The Mass Psychology of Fascism, New York: Orgone Press.

Paul Robinson (1969) The Freudian Left: Wilhelm Reich, Geza Roheim, Herbert Marcuse, London: Harper Row.

Michael Schneider (1975) Neurosis and Civilization: A Marxist/Freudian Synthesis, New York: The Seabury Press.

Victor Wolfenstein (1992) The Victims of Democracy: Malcolm X and the Black Revolution, London: Free Association Books.


Below I proudly provide a description and tables of contents of the print and on-line versions of Free Associations and a list of the editorial board at the time of the last issue printed. The list of contents has been compiled over forty years, so please forgive me for not undertaking the tedious task of recasting it in a uniform style. I have highlighted in bold articles of which I am most proud to have published. There are many more that I am very proud to have published. I have placed an asterisk after the titles of articles that are available at the old journal web site:

It is hoped that many more will eventually appear there (it is a chore). Practically all of my own writings, including all that have appeared in Free Associations, are on-line at

The entire contents of issues 1-60 are available at the Psychoanalysis Electronic Publishing web site but unless you are (or an organisation to which you belong is) a subscriber to PEP you will be charged for access.



Free Associations is a, if not the, leading periodical on the non-clinical aspects of psychoanalysis and related psychodynamic approaches to psychotherapy, groups, politics, institutions, culture. Contributions of note have included interviews with John Bowlby, Cornelius Castoriades, Jean Laplanche, Harold Searles, Michael Fordham, Vlamik Volkan, Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen, Jonathan Pedder and Leo Abse. There have been articles on John LeCarre, popular culture, Alien, Shakespeare, torture, psychoanalysis in Eastern Europe, social dreaming, Bion on group relations, the politics of psychoanalysis, Laing and Cooper, training gays and lesbians, children’s fiction, Freud’s relations with Jung, the work of Harold Searles and psychoanalysis and art.


Editor: Robert M. Young. Managing Editor: Em Farrell


Editorial Board: David Armstrong, Sheila Ernst, Karl Figlio, Stephen Frosh, Susie Godsil, Lawrence Gould, Tirril Harris, Christoph Hering, R. D. Hinshelwood, Paul Hoggett, Elaine Jordan, Gordon Lawrence, Les Levidow, Meira Likierman, David Mayers, Adam Phillips, Barry Richards, Margaret Rustin, Michael Rustin, Ann Scott, Amal Treacher, Julia Vellicott, Margot Waddell, Valerie Walkerdine, Tara Weeramanthri, Jean White


Editorial Advisory Board: Peter Barham, Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel, Helmut Dahmer, Jean Bethke Elshtain, André Green, James Grotstein, David Ingleby, Russell Jacoby, Joel Kovel, Terry A. Kupers, Jean Laplanche, Emilio Modena, Claire Pajaczkowska, Jean Radford, Harold Searles, Michael Vannoy Adams, Robert Wallerstein, Eugene V. Wolfenstein


Back issues are £15.00 (US $30) each and £30 ($60) for institutions.



Pilot Issue (O/P) ‘Editorial’ by the Radical Science Collective; ‘No Easy Answers’ by Robert M. Young; ‘Remembering Social Amnesia’ by Russell Jacoby; ‘Our Own Worst Enemies: Unconscious Factors in Female Disadvantage’ by Jane Temperley; ‘The Ambivalence of Psychoanalysis’ by David Ingleby; ‘Bion’s The Long Weekend by Margot Waddell*; ‘Civil Defence and Psychic Defence’ by Barry Richards; ‘Psychoanalysis and Social Justice’ by Michael Rustin; ‘Freud’s Exegesis of the Soul’ by Karl Figlio; ‘The Art of the Possible’ by Stephen Robinson; ‘On Being a Marxist Psychoanalyst (and a Psychoanalytic Marxist)’ by Joel Kovel.


FA 1 ‘The Establishment of Female Genitality’ by, Joan Cornwell. ‘Therapeutic Intervention in Working-Class Communities’ by Paul Hoggett and Julian Lousada. ‘Sexual Contradictions: On Freud, Psychoanalysis and Feminism’ by Janet Sayers. ‘Being a Parent’ by Alan Shuttleworth. ‘The Tiger and “O”: a Reading of Bion’s Memoir and Autobiography’ by Meg Harris Williams*.


FA 2 ‘Questions of Training’ by R.D.Hinshelwood. ‘Objects are Not People’ by Gregorio Kohon. ‘The Ego Ideal and the Psychology of Groups’ by Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel. ‘True and False Aesthetics Prince’ by Masud Khan. ‘The Babel of Therapies’ by Rosemary Davies. ‘The Bridge Foundation for Psychotherapy and the Arts’ by Sally Box. ‘Face values: A Preliminary Look at One Aspect of Adolescent Subculture’ by Valerie Sinason. ‘On Love and Language’ by Claire Pajaczkowska. ‘Fantasy and History in the Study of Childhood’ by L. J. Jordanova. ‘Mental Management: The Origins of Psychiatry’ by Roger Smith. ‘A Defence of Children’s Fiction: Another Reading of Peter Pan’ by Michael Rustin.


FA 3 ‘Winnicott Working in Areas Where Psychotic Anxieties Predominate: a Personal Record’ by Margaret I. Little. ‘The Politics of the Self’ by Barry Richards. ‘Freedom and Independence: On the Psychoanalysis of Political Commitment’ by Paul Parin. ‘The Idealisation of Dying’ by Anna Witham. ‘Questions of “Training”? A Contribution From a Peripatetic Cousin’ by Deryck Dyne.


FA 4 ‘Lolita and Kleinian Psychoanalysis’ by Barnett J.Sokol. ‘The experience of having a baby: a developmental view’ by Dana Birkstead-Breen. ‘A “dual materialism”’ by R.D.Hinshelwood. ‘Literary Criticism and Psychoanalysis: partners or millstones?’ by Valerie Sinason. ‘Freud and Philosophy’ by Ian Craib. ‘Why Freud or Reich?’ by Joel Kovel. ‘Marriages brought into the consulting-room and the transference interpretation’ by Roderick Peters. ‘Aspects of Longing’ by Paul Hoggett. ‘On not knowing all the answers’ by Margaret Arden.


FA 5 ‘A chance for psychoanalysis to change: the Zürich Psychoanalytical Seminar as an example’ by Emilio Modena. ‘Eclecticism: the impossible project - a response to Deryck Dyne’ by R. D. Hinshelwood. ‘The Milan systematic approach to family therapy: an overview’ by Marco Chiesa. ‘On the psychodynamics of drug dependence’ by A. Limentani. ‘Psychoanalysis in non-clinical contexts: on The Art of Captaincy’ by Isabel Menzies Lyth. ‘Schizophrenia and history’ by Terry A. Kupers. ‘Interpretation: fresh insight or cliché?’ by Patrick Casement. ‘Psychological practice and social democracy’ by Barry Richards.


FA 6 (O/P) ‘Freud: Scientist and/or humanist’ by Robert M. Young. ‘An interview with John Bowlby on the origins and reception of his work’ by John Bowlby, Karl Figlio and Robert Young. ‘Mental health reforms: some contrasts between Britain and Italy’ by Anne Rogers and David Pilgrim. ‘The dual potential of brief psychotherapy’ by Terry A. Kupers. ‘In the analytic theatre’ by Stephen Kurtz. ‘ “The Ancient Mariner”: opium, the saboteur of self-therapy’ by Arthur Hyatt Williams.


FA 7 ‘Mourning, the analyst and the analysand’ by W. Clifford M. Scott. ‘Military Mobilizations of the unconscious’ by Barry Richards. ‘A masterpiece on murder, review by Arthur Hyatt Williams of Killing for Company: The Case of Dennis Nilsen by Brian Masters’. ‘Beyond the analytic attitude: radical aims and psychoanalytic psychotherapy’ by Stephen Frosh. ‘The formation and deformation of identity during psychoanalytic training’ by J. Steltzer. ‘Squid and projective identification’ by Jan Benowitz Eigner. ‘An overview of self-psychology’ by Ronald Baker. ‘Grief and mourning in Tennyson’s “In Memoriam”’ by Victoria Hamilton.


FA 8 ‘What does it mean to be a man?’ by Séan Cathie. ‘Analytic group work in a boys’ comprehensive school’ by Jane Ellwood and Margaret Oke. ‘Hypnosis in psychotherapy in the 1980s’ by Hellmut W. A .Karle. ‘Dementia and its pathology: in brain, mind or society?’ by Tom Kitwood. ‘Some thoughts on torture’ by Silvia Amati. ‘When the doodling stops or the analyst and his/her health’ by Joanne Wieland-Burston. ‘A discussion of  “Mourning, the analyst and the analysand”, by W. Clifford M. Scott’ by J. B. Boulanger.


FA 9 ‘Charles Darwin’s “insufferable grief”’ by Ralph Colp, Jr. ‘The Marilyn Monroe Children’s Fund and the work of the Tavistock Clinic’. ‘The year 2000: a psychoanalytic perspective on the fantasy of the new millennium’ byAndrea Sabbadini. ‘The crisis of fatherhood’ by Gavin Smith. ‘Bruce Springsteen and the crisis of masculinity’ by Barry Richards. ‘A triumph of the will’ by Trista Selous. ‘Psychoanalysis, philosophical realism, and the new sociology of science’ by Michael Rustin.


FA 10 ‘On the value of regression to dependence’ by Margaret A. Little. ‘An interview with Herbert Rosenfeld’ by Phyllis Grosskurth. ‘The psychodynamics of theory’ by Ian Craib. ‘An encounter between the wise baby and one of his grandsons’ by J. Chasseguet-Smirgel. ‘The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: in place of an introduction. Book 1. Freud’s papers on technique, 1953-1954’ by John Forrester. ‘Shifting the pavement: thoughts from the patient’s side of the couch’ by Catherine Kober. ‘Some biographical contributions to psychoanalytic theories’ by Jonathan R. Pedder. ‘Explaining senile dementia: the limits of neuropathological research’ by Tom Kitwood.


FA 11 ‘Freud’s break with Jung: the crucial role of Ernest Jones’ by R. Andrew Paskauskas. ‘The “black hole” - a significant element in autism’ by Frances Tustin. ‘The challenge of Robert Langs’ by David Livingstone Smith. ‘Psychotherapy in British Special Hospitals: a case of failure to thrive’ by David Pilgrim. ‘The pattern which connects’ by Margaret Arden. ‘The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: in place of an introduction. Book II. The Ego in Freud’s Theory and in the technique of psychoanalysis, 1954-1955’ by John Forrester. ‘Biography: the basic discipline for human science’ by Robert M. Young.


FA 12 ‘Michael Fordham in discussion with Karl Figlio’. ‘The first institution of society and second-order institutions’ by Cornelius Castoriadis. ‘On kissing’ by Adam Phillips. ‘Reflections on mature love and countertransference’ by Irwin Hirsch and Paul Kessel. ‘Repairing broken links between the unconscious, sleep and instinct; and the conscious, waking and instinct’ by W. Clifford M. Scott. ‘The place of the parents in psychoanalytic theory’ by Linda Colman.


FA 13 (O/P) ‘Isabel Menzies Lyth in Conversation with Ann Scott and Robert M. Young’; ‘Femininity as Neurosis’ by Christina Wieland; ‘After the Fall: Original Loss and the Limits of Redemption’ by Warren Colman; ‘Social Violence and Psychoanalysis in Argentina: the Unthinkable and the Unthought’ by Janine Puget; Note: ‘Consider Laius’ by Robert M. Young; Reviews: My Kleinian Home and Why Psychotherapy? by Nini Herman, reviewed by W. Clifford M. Scott; Religion, Morality and the Person by M. Fortes, reviewed by Elizabeth Spillius.


FA 14 (O/P) ‘Child Abuse, Counselling and Apartheid: the Work of the Sanctuary Counselling Team’ by Gill Straker; ‘Surplus Humanism and Healing Power’ by Stephen Frosh; Psychoanalysis and Business: Alliance for Profit’ by Richard U’Ren; ‘Psychodynamic and Systemic Approaches: Some Areas of Convergence’ by Marco Chiesa; Logic and Infinity in Primitive Processes’ by Ross Skelton; ‘The Holding’ by Robert Pringle; ‘Writing on the History of Psychology’ by Roger Smith; ‘Views of Psychohistory’ by Ralph Colp Jr.; ‘The Case of the Feminist Detective’ by Marion Bower; Review: Living with the Sphinx: Papers from the Women’s Therapy Centre, edited by Sheila Ernst and Marie Maguire, reviewed by Jean White.


FA 15 (O/P) ‘Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere: 1988 Conference Report’ by Les Levidow, Ann Scott and Robert M. Young; ‘Living in Two Worlds: Psychodynamic Theory and Social Work Practice’ by Margot Waddell*; Feature - From Vienna to Managua: The Odyssey of Marie Langer: ‘Voices in Memories by Manuel Martinez; ‘Marie Langer’ by Paul Hoggett and Arturo Varchevker; ‘Marie Langer 1910-1987’ by Janine Puget; ‘Psychoanalysis and Revolution in Latin America: Marie Langer interviewed by Arturo Varchevker; ‘Psychoanalysis without the Couch’ by Marie Langer; ‘Intonational Elements as Communication in Psychoanalysis’ by Michael Ian Paul; ‘ “The Labour of Love” and “A Primary Social Medium”: Two Problematics in Contemporary Psychoanalysis’ by Paul Hoggett; Reviews: Asylum to Anarchy by Claire Baron, reviewed by Chris Oakley; Germans and Jews since the Holocaust: The Changing Situation in West Germany by Anson Rabinach and Jack Zipes, reviewed by George M. Kren; Language and the Origins of Psychoanalysis by John Forrester, reviewed by Martin Weegmann; Talking to a Stranger: A Consumer’s Guide to Therapy by Lindsay Knight, reviewed by J. Ann Duncan.


FA 16 (O/P) ‘Melting into Air: Psychoanalysis and Social Experience’ by Stephen Frosh; ‘Visions of Freedom: the Subject in Market Relations’ by Barry Richards; ‘Post-modernizing Psychoanalysis/ Psychoanalysing Post-modernity’ by Marike Finlay; ‘Post-modernism and the Subject: Pessimism of the Will’ by Robert M. Young; ‘Car Bodies’ by Barry Richards; ‘A Question of Judgment - ‘He was a Cabinet Minister and I was merely a Candidate’ by Ann Scott; ‘Sophie’ by Louis Couture; ‘The Role of Aggressiveness in the Work of John Bowlby’ by Marco Bacciagaluppi; Review: Changes of Heart Reflections on Women’s Independence by Liz Heron, reviewed by Amal Treacher


FA 17 (O/P) ‘Experience and Identification in George Eliot’s Novels’ by Margot Waddell; ‘John Donne’s “The Extasie”‘: James Greene in conversation with John Padel; ‘The Grail Quest and the analytic Setting’ by Louis Zinkin; ‘Electra in Bondage: on Symbiosis and the Symbiotic Illusion between Mother and Daughter and the Consequences for the Oedipus Complex’ by H. C. Halberstadt-Freud; ‘Growing up’ by Margot Waddell; Notes and Commentary: Correspondence -Wilhelmina Kraemer-Zurne and Warren Colman; ‘Choice of Victim: Further Ideas’ by Arthur Hyatt-Williams; Reviews: The Evolution of a Psychiatrist: Memoirs of a Woman Doctor by Beulah Parker, reviewed by Margaret Arden; Discourse in Psychoanalysis and Literature, edited by Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan, reviewed by Toril Moi; The Comforts of Madness by Paul Sayer, reviewed by Meira Likierman; Doubles. Studies in Literary History by Karl Miller, reviewed by Dennis Brown; ‘Two Views: Mrs Klein’ by Nicholas Wright, reviewed by Meira Likierman and by Robert M. Young.


FA 18 (O/P) ‘ “Re-embodiment of the Disembodied Eye”: the Constitution of a Psychoanalytic Space for a Schizophrenic Patient’ by Julien Bigras; ‘On Narcissism’ by Stephen Frosh; ‘The Place of the Actual in Psychotherapy’ by Hans W. Cohn; ‘Notes on Instrumental Dissociation and Psychosomatic Pathology’ by Joseph Stelzer; ‘On Methods and Principles of Hermeneutics: with reference to Psychoanalytic Study of Small Groups’ by Sigmund Karterud; ‘On Kleinian Language’ (essay review of A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought by R. D. Hinshelwood) by Elizabeth Bott Spillius; Reviews: Dictionary of Analytical Psychology by C. G. Jung, reviewed by Richard Carvalho; Freud. a Life for our Time by Peter Gay, reviewed by Robert M. Young; Free Association: Method and Process by Anton Kris, reviewed by David Riley; The Origins of Love and Hate by lan Suttie, reviewed by John Heaton; The Spontaneous Gesture: Selected Letters of D. W. Winnicott, edited by F. Robert Rodman, reviewed by Margaret I. Little; Winnicott and Paradox: From Birth to Creation by Ann Clancier and Jeannine Kalmanovitch, reviewed by Nina Farhi; The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, edited by John Forrester, reviewed by Martin Stanton.


FA 19 (O/P) ‘Reparation and Civilization: a Kleinian Account of the Large Group’ by C. Fred Alford; ‘Illusion and the Stock Market Crash: some Psychoanalytic Aspects’ by Douglas Kirsner; ‘Understanding Senile Dementia: a Psychobiographical Approach’ by Tom Kitwood; ‘The Group Therapies in Perspective’ by Mark Aveline; Poem: ‘Letter to Helen’ by Daniel Silbermann-Sladek; ‘Religion and Psychoanalysis’ by Neville Symington; ‘Massification’ by Robert Hinshelwood; ‘Inside the Leviathan’ by E. Victor Wolfenstein; Reviews: The Psychohistorian’s Handbook by Henry Lawton, reviewed by Ralph Colp Jr.; The Uses of Countertransference by Michael Gorkin, reviewed by Gregorio Kohon; Suicide in Victorian and Edwardian England by Olive Anderson, reviewed by Charlotte MacKenzie; What Happens in Groups: Psychoanalysis, the Individual and the Community by R.D. Hinshelwood, reviewed by Michael Allingham and by Mark Aveline.


FA 20 (O/P) ‘Miss Alice M and Her Dragon: Recovery of a Hidden Talent’ by Margaret I. Little; ‘”How My Mother’s Embroidered Apron Unfolds in My Life”: a Study on Arshile Gorky’ by Prophecy Coles; ‘The Visible Invisible: Picturing Madness’ by Nikolas Rose; ‘Mystics and Professionals in the Culture of American Psychoanalysis’ by Douglas Kirsner; ‘Psychoanalysis in British Universities: the Kent Case’ by Martin Stanton; ‘Training Analysis and Power’ by Johannes Cremerius; ‘On Setting Up a Psychotherapy Training Scheme’ by Peter Lomas; ‘Group Phantasies and "the individual"‘ by Eugene Victor Wolfenstein; ‘Mental health in China’ by Andrea Sabbadini; Reviews: Voices: Psychoanalysis. From The Channel 4 Television Series , edited by Bill Bourne, Udi Eichler and David Herman, reviewed by Barry Richards; The Psycho-Analyst in Psychiatry by Thomas Freeman, reviewed by Kenneth Sanders; Our Need for Others and Its Roots in Infancy by Josephine Klein, reviewed by Anna Witham; The Formation of a Persecuting Society by R. I. Moore, reviewed by Roy Porter; Human Behaviour in the Concentration Camp by Elie A. Cohen, reviewed by George Kren; Male Fantasies by Klaus Theweleit, reviewed by Joel Ryce-Menuhin; The Forgotten Man: Understanding the Male Psyche, by Reuben Fine; Male Order: Unwrapping Masculinity edited by Rowena Chapman and Jonathan Rutherford, reviewed by Paul Gordon.


FA 21 ‘ “Healing through love”? A unique dialogue in the history of psychoanalysis’ by André Haynal and Ernst Falzeder. ‘The social context: searching for a hypothesis’ by Janine Puget. ‘A psychoanalytic glance into microelectronics’ by Emilio Modena. ‘Cain and Abel’ by Alix Pirani. ‘Writing relations in men’s prison’ by Ben Knights. ‘R. D. Laing: a distant memoir’ by Paul Gordon. ‘Masud Khan’ by Judy Cooper, Adam Phillips and Mark Paterson.


FA 22 ‘Dr Judith S. Kestenberg talks to Kristina Stanton’. ‘The urban experience’ by Bruno Bettelheim. ‘Bruno Bettelheim’s achievement’ by David James Fisher. ‘Reflections on perverse states of mind’ by Margot Waddell and Gianna Williams* ‘Fair is foul and foul is fair: perversion and projective identification in Macbeth’ by Gail Grayson. ‘Prodromal states of suicide: thoughts on the death of Ann France’ by Nini Herman. ‘Won from the void and formless infinite: experiences of social dreaming’ by W. Gordon Lawrence.


FA 23 ‘Jean Laplanche interviewed by Martin Stanton’. ‘The allure of the bad object’ by Eleanore M. Armstrong-Perlman*. ‘Psychoanalysis as a general psychology, revisited’ by Judith M. Hughes. ‘Child Psychotherapy in historical context: an introduction to the work of Margaret Lowenfeld’ by Cathy Urwin. ‘Play and symbolism in Lowenfeld and Winnicott’ by Madeleine Davis. ‘On being a psychoanalyst in Brazil: pressures, pitfalls and perspectives’ by Sérvulo Augusto Figueira.


FA 24 ‘Cornelius Castoriadis interviewed by Paul Gordon’. ‘Psychoanalytic critique of productivism’ by Robert M. Young. ‘On the uses and abuses of psychoanalysis in cultural research’ by Eugene Victor Wolfenstein. ‘On a covert fundamentalism grounding both the Freudian Project and its derivative notion of sublimation’ by Donald Moss. ‘Instinctual foundations of group analysis’ by A. P. Ormay. ‘Fairbairn’s thought on the relationship of inner and outer worlds’ by John Padel.


FA 25 ‘Ruth Rendell talks to Marion Bower’. ‘Between psychoanalysis and surrealism: the collaboration between Grace Pailthorpe and Reuben Mednikoff’ by David Maclagan. ‘Creation in the work of art and its framework’ by Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel. ‘Sexual abuse: the bodily aftermath’ by Nicola Diamond. ‘Beyond addiction: recovery groups and “women who love too much”’ by Janice Haaken. ‘The self analysis of an experienced psychoanalyst: development and application of an uncommonly effective technique’ by Harry M. Anderson.


FA 26 (O/P) ‘Clare Winnicott talks to Michael Neve’. ‘On poetry and weeping’ by Craig Powell. ‘A brief history of my tears’ by Stephen A. Kurtz. ‘ “If it’s two o’clock I must be a therapist...”: some observations on boundaries and roles’ by Ian Craib. ‘The super-ego, anxiety and guilt’ by Nina Coltart. ‘Names, thoughts and lies: the relevance of Bion’s later writing for understanding experiences in groups’ by David Armstrong. ‘Reactions to Nini Herman’s article on Ann France’.


FA 27 ‘Harold Searles talks to Martin Stanton’. ‘The elder and the other’ by Carol Martin. ‘A psychoanalytical observational study of the elderly’ by Savi McKenzie-Smith. ‘The competition: psychoanalysis, its feminist interpreters and the idea of sexual freedom 1910-1930’ by Ellen Herman. ‘Awake, going to sleep, asleep, dreaming, awaking, awake: comments on W. Clifford M. Scott’ by J. Henri Rey. ‘The psychologist: a new element in changing Kenya’ by Samuel Ochieng.


FA 28 ‘Helmut Dahmer talks to Martin Stanton’. ‘Psychoanalytic social research’ by Helmut Dahmer. ‘Report: What caused the disappearance of Psyche?’ by Evelyn Heintges. ‘The self-destructive subject: critical theory and the analysis of the unconscious and society’ by Anthony Elliott. ‘The mirror and the hammer: depth psychology and political transformation’ by Andrew Samuels. ‘Commentaries on “The mirror and the hammer”’ by Karl Figlio, Sonu Shamdasani, David Mayers, Renos Papadopoulos. ‘Reply’ by Andrew Samuels. ‘The Jung-Klein hybrid’ by Michael Fordham. ‘Freud and Jung’ by Margaret Arden.


FA 29 ‘James Greene talks to Anne Alvarez and Valerie Sinason about poetry’. ‘Violence, helplessness, vulnerability and male sexuality’ by Adam Jukes. ‘The shadow over Oedipus: the father’s rivalry with his son’ by David Mann. ‘Mastery and guilt’ by Fiona Gardner. ‘Introduction: the profession of psychotherapy in Britain’ by Robert M. Young. ‘The future of analytical psychotherapy: what do we profess?’ by Karl Figlio, Haya Oakley and Brian Martindale. ‘Update: February 1993’ by Haya Oakley. ‘Letter: The British Confederation of Psychotherapists’ by Joscelyn Richards, Anne-Marie Sandler. ‘Unchained: perspectives on change’ by Micheline Klagsbrun Frank. ‘Psychoanalytic teaching and research: knowing and knowing about’ by Robert M. Young.


FA 30 ‘The concept of reality and psychoanalysis practised in underground conditions’ by Michael Sebek. ‘Post-traumatic stress disorder among victims of organized violence: a report from Bulgaria’ by Toma Tomov and Evgueni Guentchev. ‘The power of lies and the project of feminist therapy’ by Caroline New. ‘The non-lover: desire and discourse in the psychoanalytic session’ by Audrey Cantlie. ‘At the border between institutionalization and community psychiatry: psychodynamic observations of a hospital admissions ward’ by Marco Chiesa. ‘Is the Oedipus complex bad news for women?’ by Jane Temperley. ‘Dangerous liaisons: the rivalrous resemblance of David Cooper and R. D. Laing’ by Chris Oakley. ‘Conference Report: “Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere” 1992’ by Andrew Cooper, Karen Baistow, Max Farrar.


FA 31 ‘The interface between refugee groups and assistance groups: an exploration of the dynamics of the design of a treatment programme’ by Gillian Straker. ‘ “Truth” and “reality”: Joyce McDougall and gender identity’ by Noreen O’Connor and Joanna Ryan. ‘Notes toward an object-relations approach to cinema’ by Graham Clarke. ‘The Problem of the Alien: emotional mastery or emotional fascism in contemporary film production’ by Christophe Hering. ‘Mean streaks: notes for a psychoanalytic screening of Martin Scorsese’s film Raging Bull’ by Eric J. Neutzel. ‘Blue Velvet: the surface of suffering’ by Jed Sekoff. ‘Alien3’ by Robert M. Young. yThe myth of Andromeda: an aspect of female sexuality’ by Prophecy Coles.


FA 32 ‘Death and its Other in Bosnia-Herzegovina: fantasy, guilt, democracy’ by Anthony Elliott. ‘Lesbians, gay men and psychoanalytic training’ by Mary Lynn Ellis. ‘Notes on the interaction between prison staff and prisoners’ by Arthur Hyatt Williams. ‘Reflexive social psychology: discourse analysis and psychoanalysis’ by Ian Parker. ‘The cultural predicaments of psychoanalysis’ by Barry Richards. ‘Working with men who are helpless, vulnerable and violent’ by Adam Jukes.


FA 33 ‘Free Associations, truth, morality and engagement’ by Andrew Cooper and Amal Treacher. ‘Paranoid knowledge’ by Roger Bacon. ‘The third as the illusion and necessary mediator of authority: sociological and psychoanalytic reflections’ by Göran Dahl. ‘Notes on the null dimension [poem]’ by Shirah Kober Zeller. ‘Dostoyevsky’s devil: primitive agony and the uncanny’ by Duncan Barford. ‘Essences and their trajectories as backdrop in clinical stories’ by Maurice Apprey. ‘A statement about play and adults in analytic psychotherapy’ by Carlotta Johnson


FA 34 ‘Interview with Cornelius Castoriadis Jean-Claude Polack and Sparta Castoriadis’. ‘Violence and privacy: what if the container fails?’ by Rob Weatherill. ‘The vicissitudes of transference and countertransference: the work of Harold Searles’ by Robert M. Young*( ‘Characters in search of a theatre: organisation as theatre for the drama of childhood and the drama at work’ by Burkhard Sievers. ‘A group-dynamics understanding of structural violence and group psychotherapy’ by Andreas von Waltenberg-Pachaly.


FA35 ‘Interview: Vamik Volkan talks to Adeline van Waning’; ‘Private practice, public life: is a psychoanalytic politics possible? by Paul Gordon; ‘On demoralisation: the epistemological, administrative, and emotionalional obstacle’ by Joseph Stelzer; ‘Dreaming the other: ideology and character in John le Carre’s novels’ by Andrew Cooper; ‘Reaching beyond denial: sight and insight-a way forward?’ by Rosalind Minsky; ‘The legend of Sweeney Todd and its relevance to theories of narcissistic development’ by James W. Hamilton; ‘Communion and invasion: inner space and outer space’ by Ian Parker; BOOK REVIEWS: Wild Desires and Mistaken Identities: Lesbianism and Psychoanalysis, by Noreen O’Connor and Joanna Ryan, reviewed by Chris Oakley; We’ve Had a Hundred Years of Psychotherapy and the World’s Getting Worse by James Hamilton and Michael Ventura, reviewed by Christopher Fortune; The Chamber of Maiden Thought: Literary Origins of the Psychoanalytic Model of the Mind by Meg Harris Williams and Margot Waddell, reviewed by Dennis Brown; Political and Social Writings: Vol. 3 and Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy by Cornelius Castoriadis, reviewed by Paul Gordon; Affliction, by Fay Weldon, reviewed by David Mann; The Values of Psychotherapy by Jeremy Holmes and Richard Lindley, reviewed by Eleanore M. Armstrong-Perlman LETTERS: Charles Socarides - A letter from British psychotherapists; The death of Bosnia and the birth of the New World Disorder by Yusuf Ahmed and Paul Hoggett.


FA36 Interview: ‘Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen talks to Chris Oakley’; Articles: ‘Narcissism: pathology of the post-modern self or healthy and socially progressive investment of the interests of self-centered subject-hood?’ by Marike Finlay-de Monchy; ‘Psychoanalysis and the horror film’ by Michael Grant; ‘Money and fetishism’ by Leslie Blumberg; ‘Self and object functions in language as a transitional phenomenon’ by Elaine G. Caruth; ‘What is psychosis?’ by Alex Tarnopolsky, L. Paul Chesterman and Alice M. Parshall; Book Reviews: The Cambridge Companion to Freud, edited by Jerome Neu, reviewed by Barry Richards; On Freud’s “Observations on Transference Love” edited by Ethel Spector Person, reviewed by David Mann.


FA37 Interview: Jonathan Pedder talks to Paul Gordon and Robert M. Young; Articles: ‘Psychotherapy in the British National Health Service: a short history’ by Jonathan R. Pedder; ‘The fifth basic assumption’ by W. Gordon Lawrence, Alastair Bain, and Laurence Gould; Special Feature on Art and Psychoanalysis: ‘Olympia: a study in perversion - a psychoanalytic pictorial analysis of Edouard Manet’s painting’ by Jeanne Wolff Bernstein; ‘The image in form’ by Eric Rhode; ‘Otto Dix (Tate Gallery, London, 11 March-17 May 1992)’ by Robert Snell; ‘Mondrian and his art: a non-pathographic perspective’ by Patricia A. Lipscomb; ‘The simple expression of the complex emotion: reflections on the painting of Mark Rothko and Richard Diebenkorn’ by Paul Gordon; Document: Psychotherapists and Counsellors for Social Responsibility; Book Reviews: Psychodynamic Technique in the Treatment of the Eating Disorders, edited by C. Philp Wilson, Charles C. Hogan, and Ira L. Mintz. reviewed by Em Farrell; When Nietzsche Wept by Irvin D. Yalom, reviewed by Gary Winship; Jean Laplanche: Seduction, Translation, Drives, edited by John Fletcher and Martin Stanton, reviewed by Chris Oakley; Feminist Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy by Charlotte Krause Prozan, reviewed by Jean White.


FA38 Interview: ‘Nancy Chodorow talks with Anthony Elliott’; Features: ‘Psychoanalysis Today: Implications for Organizational Applications by Kenneth Eisold; ‘Managing Schools: An Analytic Account of How Local Education Authorities and School Governing Bodies Run Schools’ by Clive Eiles; ‘Franz Fanon: The Struggle for Inner Freedom’ by M. Fahry Davids; ‘Deconstructing Maternal Desire’ by Silvia Tubert; ‘The "Technique Technology" of Brief Psychotherapy’ by Eric von Schoor; ‘The Ominous in Nature’ by Karl Figlio; ‘Self-analysis: Some Difficulties in Psychoanalytic Approaches to Popular Culture’ by Paul Cobley; Book Review: On Flirtation by Adam Phillips reviewed by Anthony Elliott


FA39 ‘Analytic Reverie and Poetic Reverie: A Comparison’ by Heather Weir; ‘The Wellsprings of Fascism: Individual Malice, Group Hatreds and the Emergence of National Narcissism’ by Joseph Berke; ‘Bowlby, Fairbairn and Sutherland: The Scottish Connection in Psychotherapy’ by Jeremy Holmes; ‘Interpretation of Transference in Psychoanalytic Supervision’ by Howard E. Gorman; ‘Tragic Greek Madness: Inner Shadows versus Seeing in the Dark’ by Ruth Padel; ‘Primal Scene Imagery in the Tragedy of Othello’ by Eric J. Neutzel; ‘Science or Robbery: The Freud-Klein Controversy, 1941-1943’ by Jane Kitto; ‘The Pargmatical Apprentice’ by Larry O’Carroll


FA40 ‘Aggression in the Society and on the Couch’ by Michael Sebek; ‘In the Yellow Room’ by Julia Casterton; ‘The Tolerance of Artistic Intelligence: Shaping the Unconscious’ by Ken Robinson; ‘What We Take for Granted’ by Robin Cooper; ‘Cancer Journal: Emotional Triage’ by Barbara Adams; ‘On Looking and Relating: The Films of Wim Wenders’ by Paul Gordon; ‘Analysis Uptown’ by Stephen A. Kurtz; ‘The Mind-Body Split and Body Memory’ by Jan McGregor Hepburn


FA41 ‘The “institution in the mind”: reflections on the relation of psycho-analysis to work with institutions’ by David Armstrong; ‘Correspondences between Bion’s basic assumption theory and Klein’s developmental positions: an outline’ by Laurence J. Gould; ‘Myths, memories and roles - how they live again in the group process’ by Hanna Biran; ‘Some reflections on sin and evil in a psychoanalytic perspective’ by Wesley Carr; ‘Justice as an inherent characteristic of group dynamics: a psychoanalytic study of the jury’ by Gary Winship; ‘AIDS, death, and the analytic frame’ by Rebecca Bauknight and Robert Appelbaum; ‘The corporatization of psychotherapy: a study in professional transformation’ by David Pingitore; ‘Some reflections on NHS psychotherapy a response to Jonathan Pedder’ by Andrew Samuels. Book Reviews: The Unconscious at Work: Individual and Organisational Stress in the Human Services, edited by Anton Obholtzer and Vega Zagier Roberts reviewed by Paul Hoggett; Enforcing Normalcy: Disability, Deafness and the Body by Lennard J. Davis reviewed by Deborah Marks; Torn in Two: The Experience of Maternal Ambivalence by Roszika Parker reviewed by Jo Nash


FA42 ‘The burden of the barbarian within’ by Gouranga Chattopadhyay and Hanna Biran; ‘The perversion of ethics’ by Marion Minerbo; ‘Scientists: psychotics or seekers of truth?’ by Elspeth Crawford; ‘The preoccupation with power in group life’ by Barbara Elliott; ‘Hamlet’s frailty’ by Marvin Krims; HONOURING HAROLD F. SEARLES: ‘Introduction’ by Michael Civin; ‘Analytic intimacy, analysability and the vulnerable analyst’ by Irwin Hirsch; ‘Therapeutic symbiosis, concordance and analytic transformation by Michael Civin; ‘On identification with the paternal subject: from autism to therapeutic symbiosis’ by Joseph Newirth; Discussion: by Harold Searles; Book Reviews: The Colors of Violence: Cultural Identities, Religion and Conflict by Sudhir Kakar reviewed by H. C. Halberstadt-Freud; The Case Against Psychotherapy Registration by Richard Mowbray reviewed by Denis Postle; Black Hamlet by Wulf Sachs reviewed by Grahame Hayes.


FA 43 Tribute to Cornelius Castoriadis: ‘Cornelius Castoriadis: Philosopher of the Social Imagination’ by David Ames Curtis; ‘Requiem for a Selbstdenker: In Memoriam Cornelius Castoriadis’ by Joel Whitebook; ‘Human Creation and the Paradox of the Originary’ by Fabio Ciaramelli; ‘Castoriadis on Culture’ by David Ames Curtis; ‘The psyche: Imagination and History. A General View of Cornelius Castoriadis’s Psychoanalytic Ideas ‘ by Fernando Urribarri; ‘Why This Law rather than Another One?’ by Paul Gordon; ‘The Psychical and Social Roots of Hate’ by Cornelius Castoriadis. ‘The Internal Politics of Psychoanalysis: ‘Life among the Analysts’ by Douglas Kirsner; ‘Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy: the Grand Leading the Bland’ by Robert M. Young; ‘Pathologizing as a Way of Dealing with Conflicts and Dissent in the Psychoanalytic Movement’ by Marina Leitner.


FA 44 EDITORIAL; FEATURES: ‘Thinking under Fire: Psychoanalytic Reflections on Cognition in the War Zone’ by Gill Straker; ‘Discerning the Psychic Costs of Privatisation’ by Anthony Elliott; ‘Mapping the Terrain of Theoretical Anti-humanism’ by Sean Homer; ‘The Translation of Antonin Artaud: Humpty Dumpty and the Command of Language at Rodez in 1943’ by David MacLagan; ‘Freud and Klein on Male Homosexuality’ by Larry O’Carroll; ‘Unconscious Perception in the History of Psychoanalysis: a Vignette’ by Piers Myers; Presenting Freud at the Freud Museum’ by Ivan Ward; ‘Ethnicity, Psychoanalysis and Cultural Studies: a Review Essay’ by Amal Treacher; BOOK REVIEW: Resistances to Psychoanalysis by Jacques Derrida, reviewed by Anthony Elliott.


FA 45 ‘In the Same Boat: the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission’ by Trevor Lubbe; ‘Fragrant Theory: the Sweet Scent of Signifiers’ by Ros Minsky; ‘Oedipus and His Human Destiny’ by Eva Miglivacca; ‘Psycho-analysis and Iconoclasm’ by Stephen Newton; ‘Hedda Gabler, ‘Psychoanalysis and the Space of the Play’ by Nigel Hand; ‘DH Lawrence and the Freudian Oedipus Complex’ by Roland Pierloot; ‘Managing Illusion’ by Gouranga Chattopadhay; ‘Working with Women by Judy Ritter; BOOK REVIEW: Face to Face: Therapy as Ethics by Paul Gordon, reviewed by Roger Bacon; LETTER: ‘The Grand Leading the Bland: a Response’ by Roger Bacon


FA 46 ‘Theory and Therapeutics: Stress in the Analytic Identity’ by Roger Bacon; ‘Our Need of Taboo: Pictures of Violence and Mourning Difficulties’ by Andrzej Werbart; ‘The Electra Complex and the Development of Female Personal Identity’ by Montana Katz; ‘Winnicott and the Government of the Environment’ by Steven Groarke; ‘Ethical Dilemmas of the Psycho-analytical Biographer: the Case of Donald Winnicott by Brett Kahr; ‘Feeling/Knowing in Research’ by Angela Whitelaw; ‘Living on the Edge: Reflections on the Addictive and Intoxicating Nature of Working in a Women’s Prison’ by Jessica Williams Saunders; ‘Movement as a Medium for Psychophysical Integration’ by Katva Bloom; Book Review: Unfree Associations: Inside Psychoanalytic Institutes by Douglas Kirsner, reviewed by Kenneth Eisold.


FA 47 ‘Friendship and Desire’ by Fabio Ciaramelli; ‘The Enigma of Honesty: the Fundamental Rule of Psychoanalysis’ by M. Guy Thompson; ‘Death and the Political: on the Taming of Death in Social Structure and Ritual’ by Lior Barshack; ‘Fanon, Politics and Psychiatry: the North African Syndrome by David Macey; ‘Building a Bridge to Heaven: Notes on the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Tower of Babel’ by Felix de Mendelssohn; ‘The State We’re In’ by Robin Cooper; ‘On Models in Medicine: Epistemological Rounds’ by J. Stelzer


FA 48 ‘From Aesthetics to Object Relations: Situating Klein in the Freudian “Uncanny”’ by Simon Clarke; ‘Dreams, Psychic Mobility and Inner Being’ by Walter Trinca; .The Last Hundred Years of Psychoanalysis: A Century of Internal Resistance’ by Haim Haimovich; ‘ “Where There’s Smoke...?” Reflections on Rhetorical Strategies in the Assaults on Sigmund Freud and Bruno Bettleheim’ by Kurt Jacobsen; ‘The Outsider’ by Marilyn Charles; ‘Spirituality, Science and Transformation versus Frozen Boundaries of Belief’ by Gouranga P. Chattopadhyay; BOOK REVIEW: Disability: Controversial Debates and Psychological Perspectives by Deborah Marks, reviewed by Shula Wilson


FA 49 ‘The Love That Thinks’ by Paul Hoggett; ‘Fundamentalism and Terrorism’ by Robert M. Young; ‘In Praise of Uncertainty (Persuading, Inventing, and Believing)’ by Larry O’Carroll; ‘What Does Freud Mean by the Oedipus Complex?’ by Kenneth Fuchsman; ‘Reflections on Creativity: The "Intruder" as Mystic, or Reconciliation With the Mother/self’ by Marilyn Charles; ‘Blindness, Attachment, and Self: Psychoanalysis and Ideology’ by Brian Watermeyer; BOOK REVIEW: Psychoanalysis at Its Limits: Navigating the Postmodern Turn edited by Anthony Elliott and Charles Spezzano, reviewed by Sean Homer


FA 50 ‘Quixotic Humanism’ by Lynn Frogget and Will Kaufman; ‘The Pyschodynamics of Bullying’ by Margot Waddell; ‘Fritz Fraenckel - A Revolutionary Psychologist’ by Paul Gordon; ‘The Contribution of Marie Langer to Psychoanalysis’ by Silvia Tubert; ‘In the Gaze of the Other’ by Avril Johnson; ‘Winnicott Revisited - A Point of View’ by R. J. E. Bacon; ‘Michaelangelo’s Moses Re-visited - Reflections Through Post Freudian Theoretical Lenses on the Roots of Creativity’ by Judith Issroff; ‘Guide to the Internet for Psychoanalysts and Psychotherapists’ by Robert M. Young; BOOK REVIEW: Mental Slavery: Psyschoanalytic Studies of Caribbean People by Barbara Fletchman Smith reviewed by Barbara Daniel.


FA 51  ‘Countering the Reality of Gravity: Literary Invitations to Alternative Psychotherapeutic Understanding’ by Angus Macmillan; ‘Dramatherapy and Psychosis: Symbol Formation and Dramatic Distance’ by Maggie McAlister; ‘Loss and Re-creation of Faith in Freud’s Life’ by Ryan LaMothe; ‘Time and Space as "Necessary Forms of Thought"‘ by Kelly Noel-Smith; ‘Beginnings: A Self Psychological Interface Between Psychoanalysis and Christianity - A Personal Point of View’ by John A Sloane; ‘Tragedy, Catharsis and Creativity: From Aristotle to Freud to Winnicott’ by David Wells; BOOK REVIEW: Psychoanalysis: A Critical Introduction by Ian Craib reviewed by Simon Clarke.


FA52  ‘The Holding Environment After September 11: Psychoanalysis in the Twenty-First Century - A Moment of Reflection’ by F. Robert Rodman; ‘Psychoanalytic Organizational Theory: Comparative Perspectives’ by Debra K. Anderson and Jay D. White; ‘Family Romances’ by Sylvia Tubert; ‘Letters from Carole Smith to Professor George Steiner’ by Carole Smith; ‘New Horizons in Disability Psychotherapy: The Contributions of Valerie Sinason’ by Graeme Galton; ‘The State of Threat and Psychoanalysis: From the Uncanny that Structures to the Uncanny that Alienates’ by Janine Puget*; BOOK REVIEW: Psychoanalysis, Science and Masculinity by Karl Figlio reviewed by Donald L. Carveth.


FA 53 ‘Keeping on Moving’ by David Armstrong; ‘The Work Group Revisited: Reflections on the Practice of Group Relations’ by David Armstrong; ‘Money as Signifier: A Lacanian Insight into the Monetary Order’ by Gilles Arnaud; ‘Florence Nightingale and the Myth of the Virgin Mother’ by Liane Aukin; ‘Peace and Terror: Psychoanalytic Concepts of Psychosis and George Mitchell’s Management of the Northern Ireland Peace Process’ by Shawn Tower; ‘A Note on What Winnicott Might Have Said About The Terrorist Attack on The World Trade Center in New York on September 2001’ by The Montreal Winnicott Study Group.


FA 54 ‘A Supplemental Interpretation for Sigmund Freud’s “Kasten Scene” vis-a-vis Julius Freud’s Burial Chamber: Overshadowing Religious Beliefs Coupled with Visualizations of Loss’ by Lawrence Ginsburg; ‘The Uncanny Stranger: Haunting the Australian Settler Imagination’ by Simon Clarke and Anthony Moran; ‘Masud Khan’s Analysis with Donald Winnicott: On the Hazards of Befriending a Patient’ by Brett Kahr; ‘A Habermas Kritik’ by Gary Winship; ‘Mathematics and the Quest for Certainty: Some Psychoanalytic Observations’ by James W. Hamilton; ‘A Critical Psychoanalysis Project’ by Emilio Modena; ‘Em Farrell Talks With Jeanne Magagna about Anorexia Nervosa’.


FA 55 ‘Loss, Illusional Systems of Defence and Possible Reparation in Two Works by Ian McEwan’ by Sharon Keating; ‘Cultural Contributions to Pride: The Vicissitudes of Identification, Valuation, and the Refusal to Surrender’ by Ryan LaMothe; ‘The Light of the Mind: Poetry and Depression’ by Eileen Aird; ‘What, if Anything, Can Be Done About my Anti-Semitism?’ by Robert M. Young; ‘The White Male Therapist/Helper as (M)other to the Black Male Patient/Client: Some Intersubjective Considerations’ by Olatokunbo Aralepo.


FA 56 ‘Valerie Sinason talks to Graeme Galton’; The Right to Be at Risk’ by Joseph H. Berke; ‘Lincoln, Mandela and the Depressive Position; by Robert M. Young; ‘How to Cope with Social Disasters’ by Janine Puget; ‘A Life’s Work: On Rodman’s Winnicott by Steven Groarke; ‘Analysis Behind Bars’ by Stephen A. Kurtz; BOOK REVIEW: To Redeem One Person is to Redeem the World:The Life of Frieda Fromm-Reichman by Gail A. Hornstein reviewed by Joseph Berke.


FA 57 ‘The Reparation of Don Juan’ by Will Kaufman; ‘Transference Theory and Everyday Life’ by Jean Thomson; ‘The Boundaries of Perversion’ by Robert M. Young; ‘Psychic Retreats: The Organizational Relevance of a Psychoanalytic Formulation’ by David Armstrong; ‘The Analytic Object in Organizational Work’ by David Armstrong (The writings by David Armstrong that have appeared in Free Associations are collected, inter alia, in Organization in the Mind: Psychoanalysis, Group Relations and Organizational Consultancy. London: Karnac, 2004.) ‘Perceval’s Psychosis Revisited’ by James Hamilton; ‘A Review of Sigmund Freud’s Synopsis of his Summer Reading in 1878’ by Lawrence M. Ginsburg; ‘Fieldwork and Power: The Psychoanalytical Concept of Transference as a Means to Understand Processes of Intersubjectivity’ by Brigit Allenbach.


FA 58  ‘The Intellectual Odyssey of Elliott Jaques: From Alchemy to Science’ by Douglas Kirsner*; ‘Possibility Versus Disclosure: Myth and Female Identity in Film’ by Marilyn Charles; ‘Fantasy and Transference’ by Montana Katz; ‘Time for Psychoanalysts to Speak Up: A Reaction to Reading Violence or Dialogue? Psychoanalytic Insights on Terror and Terrorism’ by Judith Issroff; ‘Starting a Family: The Child’s Role in Marital Transition’ by Steven McLeish; ‘The End of Civilization: Did Jung Misunderstand His Own Dreams?’ by John D. Goldhammer.


FA 59  ‘Countertransference and Organizational Knowing: New Frontiers and Old Truths’ by Howard F. Stein; ‘The Ferenczian Dialogue: Psychoanalysis as a Way of Life’ by Judith E. Vida and Gershon J. Molad; ‘Aesthetic Experience in Visual Art’ by Marie Costello; ‘On the Psychical Technology of Monuments’ by Derek Hook; ‘The Melancholic Existentialism of Ernest Becker’ by Donald L. Carveth; ‘Love and Hate in an Age of Reason: Philosophy, Psychoanalysis and Terrorism’ by Simon Clarke; ‘Narcissus and His Discontents’ by P. Le Couteur; BOOK REVIEW: Patterns: Building Blocks of Experience by Marilyn Charles reviewed by Eileen Aird.


FA 60  ‘Celebrity and the Flight from Mortality’ by Sue Cowan-Jenssen and Lucy Goodison; ‘Obesity. How Can We Understand It?’ by Em Farrell; ‘Vicissitudes of Therapists’ Self-Esteem’ by Robert M. Young; ‘ ‘Identification, Loss, and Reparation: A Psychoanalytic Exploration of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict’ by Jo Nash; ‘Intimacy and Family Links of Adults Who Were Children During the Shoah: Multi-facted Mutations of the Traumatic Encapsulations’ by Yolanda Gampel and Aviva Mazor; ‘Sigmund Freud as a Twenty-One-Year-Old Letter Writer and Admirer of Bret Harte’ by Lawrence M. Ginsburg.


Here are the contents of the online version of the journal, available at


George Blair ‘Looping the Loop: Choreography and Pseudo- Poetics of Catastrophe’.


Marilyn Charles ‘Redemption and Reparation: Nightmare and Memory in Clinical Practice and in D. M. Thomas’s Pictures at an Exhibition.


Jean Hantman ‘A Note: Who Gets to Be Criticized and Who Doesn’t?’


George Blair ‘Cycling to Separation: Perversion of Potential Space’


Howard S. Schwartz ‘Reality and Truth in the Politically Correct Organisation: The Case of the Dan Mather Memo Debacle at CBS News’


Joseph Berke nnd Stanley Schneider ‘A Psychological Understanding of Muslim Terrorism’. This is a psychoanalytic analysis of Muslim terrorism. Commentaries by psychotherapists holding markedly differing views were invited, but none was submitted.)


Douglas Kirsner ‘The Intellectual Odyssey of Elliot Jaques: From Alchemy to Science’


Eleanor M. Armstrong-Perlman ‘The Allure of the Bad Object’ reprinted from FA23


Em Farrell ‘Obesity: How Can We Understand It?’


Jean Hantman ‘Opinion on Siblings by Juliet Mitchell’


Allan Young ‘Review of Forgotten Lunatics of the Great War’ by Peter Barham’


Howard Stein ‘The Centre and Circumference of Knowledge: The Use of Poetry as a Tool of Countertransference in Organizational Knowing and Consulting’


Ryan la Mothe ‘Pax Americana: An Empire Identity and Psychoanalysis’


Stephen LeDrew ‘Freedom and Determinism: The Uncanny in Psychoanalysis and Existentialism’


Gail A Hornstein, Bibliography of First Person Narratives of Madness’. This valuable and extensive bibliography by Gail Hornstein, Professor of Psychology and Education at Mount Holyoke College and author of a distinguished biography of Freda Fromm-Reichmann (To Redeem One Person Is to Redeem the World: The Life of Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Free Press, 2000 – reviewed below), can be download by going to this web site: The link to the bibliography is at the bottom of the page.


Joseph H. Berke ‘The Right to be at Risk’.


Joseph H. Berke reviews To Redeem One Person is to Redeem the World: The Life of Frieda Fromm-Reichman by Gail A. Hornstein.


Kelly Noel-Smith ‘Harry Potter’s Oedipal Issues’


Kelly Noel-Smith ‘Time and Space as ‘Necessary Forms of Thought’


Janine Puget ‘The State of Threat and Psychoanalysis:  From the Uncanny that Structures to the Uncanny that Alienates’. Psychoanalytic reflections on the effects of the right-wing violence (1974-76) and dictatorship (1976-83) in Argentina on the inner worlds of people in an analytic group in Buenos Aires. It was originally published in French under the title Violence d’etat et psychanalyse. Paris: Bordas, 1989. This essay is chapter one of the collection. Her interpretations and conclusions are of considerable general interest. Reprinted from FA 52


Robert M. Young ‘How Are We To Work With Conflict Of Moral Standpoints in the Therapeutic Relationship?’ 


Harry M. Anderson ‘Metapsychological Formulation: A New Scientific Method of Psychoanalytic Clinical Research and Practice’. Many claim that metapsychology is of no use in the clinical situation and should be abandoned. The author’s researches show that this attitude is the result of an incomplete scientific evolution of the theory. If enabled to mature, it provides a sound foundation for the creation of a true science of clinical research and practice.


Naomi Weisstein ‘Psychology Constructs the Female’. Written in 1968, this is one of the founding documents of feminist psychology.  One of its strengths is that it addresses both the ideological aspect of psychological theory and the deep sexism of the social relations of the profession. Its author was subsequently struck down by chronic fatigue syndrome, and her husband, the distinguished historian Jesse Lemisch, provides further context for her and her work in Lemisch, Jesse and Weisstein, Naomi (1997) ‘Remarks on Naomi Weisstein’. See also: Feminist Psychology, Psychology of Women & Gender (2001) (readings).


Theodore M. Brown ‘The Rise and Fall of Psychosomatic Medicine’. T. M. Brown is an historian of medicine at the University of Rochester in New York State. He here offers an overview of the history of psychosomatic medicine in America, inspired by psychoanalytic thinking and superceded by reductionist models.


Theodore M. Brown ‘The Historical and Conceptual Foundations of the Rochester Biopsychosocial Model’. For a period in the 1960s and 1970s, the Medical School of the University of Rochester in upstate New York was a very active centre in the development of theory and experimental research in psychosomatic medicine. T. M. Brown is an historian of medicine at that university and has researched the history of the approach - embracing biological, psychological and social levels - which was developed there under the leadership of Professor George W. Engel.


Theodore M. Brown  ‘The Growth of George Engel’s Biopsychosocial Model’. Corner Society Presentation - May 24, 2000. George Engel was arguably the most original, empirical and sophisticated researcher in the history of psychosomatic medicine. He certainly took the widest view of the subject, embracing the biological, psychological and social levels of explanation. Trained as an experimentalist, he united this approach with psychoanalysis and, most notably, conducted a series of experimental studies on a young girl who had a gastric fistula and ulcerative colitis. Secretions could thereby be correlated with emotional states. This research became the foundation for an approach to all of medicine whereby fear of loss was seen, along with other factors, as a fundamental cause of the clinical manifestation of disease. The historian of medicine Theodore M. Brown here tells the story of his career as emblematic of the rise and fall of the psychodynamic approach to psychosomatic medicine in America.


Jo Nash The Thinking Body: A Feminist Revision of the Work of Melanie Klein PhD Thesis in full


Meg Harris Williams  ‘The Tiger and ‘O’": a Reading of Bion’s Memoir and Autobiography’ reprinted from FA1


Margot Waddell  ‘The Long Weekend’ Essay Review of The Long Weekend 1897-1919: Part of a Life by W. R. Bion reprinted from FA Pilot Issue


Margot Waddell  ‘Living in Two Worlds: Psychodynamic Theory and Social Work Practice’ reprinted from FA 15


Margot Waddell and Gianna Williams ‘Reflections on Perverse States of Mind’ reprinted from FA 20


Ros Minsky ‘Too Much of a Good Thing: Control or Containment in Coping with Change’


Ros Minsky ‘Beyond Nurture: Finding the Words for Male Identity’


Karl Figlio ‘Registration and Ethics in Psychotherapy’. Karl Figlio, Director of the University of Essex Centre for Psychoanalytic Studies, gave a most interesting paper to a conference on debates about registration of psychotherapists in Britain, mounted by the British Confederation of Psychotherapists in June 1999. It is published in The British Journal of Psychotherapy.


Robert Langs  ‘A Just Peace for the Freud Wars’     


R. D. Hinshelwood   ‘Alienation: Social Relations and Therapeutic Relations’


Felix de Mendelssohn  ‘Building a Bridge to Heaven: Notes on the Construction, Deconstruction and Reconstruction of the Tower of Babel’      


R. D. Hinshelwood  ‘Seventy-five Years of Kleinian Writing 1920-1995:  A Bibliography’ (an attempt at a full listing)


Mary Ashwin ‘"...Against all Other Virtue and Goodness": An Exploration of Envy in Relation to the Concept of Sin’. Envy has always had a bad press. Of all the negative traits or vices a person will own up to envy is the least likely one that they will acknowledge. They may well admit, with a deprecating grin, to being proud, greedy, covetous, lazy, bad-tempered or promiscuous; but most will be chary of professing their envy. Why is it that envy is so repugnant? I would suggest it is to do with the understanding, conscious or not, that envy is so bound up with a feeling of deficit. We envy what we do not have, not what we have, though psychologically it might be said we can envy what we have, but that we are unconscious of that asset. Impoverishment, both real and imagined, material and psychological is implicit in envy.


Chris Wood, Review of Sister Mary: A Story of a Healing Relationship by Nini Herman.


Eva Maria Migliavacca, ‘Oedipus and  His  Human  Destiny’. The author presents an analysis of the Greek myth of Oedipus, after Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex. This analysis considers that, in addition to an oracular destiny determined by deity, Oedipus realizes his own human destiny, which is the very conquest of the knowledge of his own identity. The author relates such a conquest to the psychoanalytic work, which enables each individual to get in touch with his deepest motivations and to develop a better self-consciousness. Key-words: Myth. Greek mythology. Psychoanalysis.


Andrzej Webart, ‘Our Need of Taboo: Pictures of Violence and Mourning Difficulties’. Contemporary pictures of man’s violence and sexuality destroy boundaries between ‘me’ and ‘not-me’, fiction and reality, the portrayal and what is being portrayed, good and evil, living and dead, human and non-human, guarded by ancient taboos. This plays a part in our longing to transgress the ego’s boundaries. Descriptions of violence and perversion may lead to traumatising intra-psychic consequences if they penetrate the skin ego or contribute to its dissolution. The presence of an intermediate Narrator, who is responsible for a certain psychic pre-processing, may, on the contrary, contribute to our leaving the role of the passive viewer and becoming an active witness. Such accounts can help us to mourn and to accept the loss of our infantile omnipotence.


Trevor Lubbe, ‘Victims, Perpetrators and Healers at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Being in the Same Boat’. The author was involved in some sessions of the deliberations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa. He provides detailed reflections on the psychological, social and political processes involved in these sessions, in particular, what does not get said.


Nigel Hand, ‘Hedda Gabbler, Psychoanalysis and the Space of (the) Play’. The established view of Hedda Gabler sees the play as a study of the frustration and despair engendered in the exceptional individual by a conventionalized society.  In this paper I present a psychoanalytic re-interpretation of the play which in certain respects inverts this received reading.  Insofar as it does so, however, my interpretation is intended not to cancel the received view but to play against it.  The first section of the paper is predominantly Freudian in approach.  The second section takes up certain Kleinian ideas which are broached in the first, and explores them more fully.   The third section exploits some of Winnicott’s key concepts, especially as they have been elaborated by Christopher Bollas.  The paper seeks to enlarge our understanding of the nature of Hedda Gabler’s alienation and despair through a fresh study of the dynamic structure of the play as a whole.  I am also suggesting that Ibsen should be seen as a major precursor both of Freud and the object-relations tradition in psychoanalysis.


Brett Kahr, ‘Ethical Dilemmas of the Psychoanalytic Biographer: The Case of Donald Winnicott’. In this essay the author reflects on the issue of disclosure versus discretion raised by distressing and unflattering material about the subjects of psychoanalytic biography. He canvases the issue across a wide range of biographies but focuses on the life and work of D. W. Winnicott.


Nicola Glover, ‘Psychoanalytic Aesthetics: The British School’. The impact of British Psychoanalytic theory on our aesthetics and criticism has not been explored in any systematic way. This study aims to examine important theoretical developments within the British School of Psychoanalysis, and the contribution of these to psychoanalytic aesthetics - both within in the clinical and non-clinical domain. A critical overview of the classical Freudian aesthetics will form the background against which these subsequent developments in British psychoanalysis shall be viewed. This study aims to show that the dialogue between those clinicians such as Melanie Klein, Hannah Segal, Wilfred Bion, Donald Meltzer, Donald Winnicott and Marion Milner, and non-practitioners such as Adrian Stokes, Anton Ehrenzweig, Peter Fuller, and Richard Wollheim, has been extraordinarily fruitful in addressing the nature of artistic creativity, aesthetics, and has significantly influenced critical writing, particularly in the domain of the visual arts. It will be argued that taken as a whole, their contributions represent the development of a uniquely British psychoanalytic aesthetic, to be distinguished from the American school of ego-psychology, on the one hand, and the French tradition of Psychoanalysis, on the other.

This dissertation has been removed at the author’s request, and it has been published by Karnac Books.


Robert M. Young ‘The Messiness, Ambivalence and Conflict of Everyday Life’


Robert M. Young, ‘Disappointment, Stoicism and the Future of Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere’. This is a revised version of a short talk, designed to stimulate debate, delivered to the opening plenary session of the Tenth Annual Conference on Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere, November 1996. I consider what we have achieved in the decade and then discuss the concept of disappointment and the failures of process that have particularly troubled me. I also consider the concept of stoicism and offer my own shopping list of political tasks for the future. This talk and one to come from Mike Rustin were presented as keynote addresses to the 10th anniversary conference: ‘The State that Psychoanalysis is In’.


Michael Rustin and Andrew Cooper, ‘Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere: The Project in Changing Times’. Final Plenary Discussion paper given at Ninth Annual Conference, November 18-19, l995, at the University of East London. This was written to provide an overview of the conference’s deliberations and to reflect on the position of psychoanalysis in the broader culture.


Jo Nash reviews Rozsika Parker, Torn in Two: The Experience of Maternal Ambivalence. London: Virago, 1995. Pp. 299.


Deborah Marks reviews Lennard J. Davis, Enforcing Normalcy: Disability, Deafness and the Body London: Verso, 1995.


Paul Hoggett reviews Anton Obholzer & Vega Zagier Roberts, eds., The Unconscious at Work: Individual and Organisational Stress in the Human Services.


W. Gordon Lawrence, ‘The Presence of Totalitarian States of Mind in Institutions’. The author reflects in his characteristically broad and insightful way on the meaning of totalitarianism from the point of view of the Tavistock group relations tradition of Bion et al. This talk was given at a remarkable meeting in Sofia, Bulgaria on the occasion of the founding of a new Group Relations Institute in 1995.


Kenneth Eisold, ‘Psychoanalysis Today: Implications for Organizational Applications’. A Paper for the International Society for the Psychoanalytic Study of Organizations (ISPSO) International Symposium, London, July 7-9, 1995. The author reflects on what psychoanalysis is and isn’t and on its application to organizations. He opts for a rather less grand view than some other recent commentators. Accepted for publication in Free Associations.


Norman Holland, ‘Internet Regression’. The author reflects on some of the primitive processes displayed in internet communications and relationships.


Robert M. Young, ‘Psychoanalysis and/of the Internet’. Paper presented to ninth annual conference on Psychoanalysis and the Public Sphere’, November 1995, University of East London and expanded for other venues.


Ros Minsky, ‘Fragrant Theory: The Sweet Scent of Signifiers’. This paper focuses on the recent academic emphasis on culturalist and Lacanian psychoanalytic theory within humanities departments in universities. It argues that an exclusive attention to Lacan’s version of psychoanalysis as the study of language fails to make available to students the scope and richness of other areas of psychoanalytic theory and in particular, Object-Relations theory, which despite their theoretical incompatibilities, we can use eclectically to gain insight into cultural phenomena. It argues that an emphasis on language and signification to the exclusion of the body and intuitive, empathic ways of being and knowing experienced in the ore-Oedipal container-contained emotional relationship with the mother, represents a deodorizing of what psychoanalysis and identity are all about. It suggests that academics who teach psychoanalytic theory who, in contrast to psychotherapists, often have no experience of the practice of psychoanalysis, may unconsciously use theory omnipotently to maintain a sense that we and culture are in control of who we are rather than, more realistically, a complex web of cultural, biological and unconscious factors. The paper concludes that given the enormous complexity of what we call ‘realty’, we cannot afford, defensively, to make some theories into the ‘other’ and thus reduce the eclectic range of potential insights with which to address this complexity.


Laurence J. Gould, Ph.D., ‘Correspondence Between Bion’s Basic Assumption Theory and Klein’s Developmental Positions: an Outline’. While Bion’s theory of basic assumptions in groups is well known, the linkages and correspondences between his theory and the Kleinian theory of development that he himself suggests - specifically, with the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, and the early origins of the Oedipus complex - have never been detailed. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to propose that there are direct "binocular" correspondences between Bion’s baF and Klein’s paranoid-schizoid positions, between baD and the depressive position, and between baP and the early Oedipus complex. It is argued that these correspondences are precisely what Bion came to understand when he alluded to them in his introduction to Experiences in Groups (1961). It is also suggested that attempting to detail the Kleinian correspondences with Bion’s theories will stimulate further advances in the study of group life, and that such advances are not likely to occur in their absence.


David Ingleby ‘Ideology and the Human Sciences: Some Comments on the Role of Reification in Psychology and Psychiatry’. This is a classic article, written by a psychologist trained in the Department of Experimental Psychology at Cambridge, who took up a critical stance and became a leading figure in the movement to humanize psychology and psychiatry. It is a fine example of an academic using all his training to think critically about the assumptions of his own discipline. It first appeared in The Human Context and was reprinted in a collection which was very influential in the student movement, Trevor Pateman, ed., Counter Course: An Handbook for Course Criticism, Penguin Education, 1972, pp. 51-81.



Note: It took me a long time to get down to writing this. I just couldn’t think of a constructive way of writing about some of the social dynamics of the journal, Free Association Books, the Public Sphere conferences and the wider psychodynamic community. Then it dawned on me that I didn’t have to - for two reasons. The first is that the invitation from the new editor of Free Associations made no reference to such things, so why reach for them. It was intended to be a celebration of the achievements of the journal to date. The second - and better - reason is that I have written a lot about such things, and practically all I have to say is at my website in various talks I gave to the conferences and in essays I have written on the dynamics of the profession of psychotherapy and related matters. Anyone wishing to look into these issues can write to me. I can also provide a list of the relevant articles and conference talks: